Mauritius rent a car eng

The discovery of Mauritius Island was first made by the Arab sailors, at this time the island was a dense forest. There is no exact date of when Mauritius was discovered by the Arabs, it is said to be around the 9th century.

Fernandez Pereira, a Portuguese sailor who saw the island decided to give it the name of Cerne. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968.

dodo.jpg The first to colonise the island were the Dutch. They took possession of the island in 1598. The Dutch settlers arrived at a bay in the south eastern part of the island which was named Warwyck Haven after the commander VanWarwyck, the bay is now known as Grand Port. Mauritius also got its name during this period; the island was named after the Prince of Holland Mauritz de Nassau. The Dutch left the island in 1710, but before leaving they had introduced on to the island monkeys, sugar cane, and the java deer.

But when they left Mauritius, the dodos on the island were virtually extint as it was their main source of food. The dodo was a large flightless bird, very sociable and very easy to capture. When the Dutch left the island they also left on the island the slaves that had ran away from their masters.



map-mauritius-detail.jpg The French settled on the island in 1715 and also landed at the bay in the southeast and named it Port Bourbon. They made settlement on the north-western side of the island which became the harbour and was named Port Louis which is also the capital of Mauritius. During the French settlement there was a lot of development in the country. Mahé de Labournnais whose statue is found in Port Louis at the harbour, is known as the founder of the capital city.

The British took possession of Mauritius in 1810 after a battle between French and British. From then Mauritius was under the rule of British until they attained independence on the 12 March 1968 within the commonwealth. Slavery was officially abolished in 1835. Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam also known as the "Father of the Nation" was the one who brought the island to independence. On the 12 March 1992, Mauritius became a Republic.

A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.

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